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Most people with OSA do not know their breathing starts and stops during the night. Usually, a sleep partner or other family members hear the loud snoring, gasping, and snorting. A sleep study can help doctors diagnose sleep apnea and other sleep disorders. Sleep studies are painless and risk-free, but kids usually need to spend the night in a hospital or sleep center. “In most cases, obesity is the main culprit behind both conditions,” Jun explains. Sleep apnea occurs in about 3 percent of normal weight individuals but affects over 20 percent of obese people, Jun says. However, sleep apnea rates increase sharply in women after menopause. Sleep apnea is often linked to heart disease and metabolic issues like diabetes. In particular, undiagnosed sleep apnea is directly tied to an increased risk in cardiovascular and metabolic health. Do not sleep on your back.Sleeping on your back can increase the likelihood that your tongue and soft palate will fall back into your airway, which causes airway obstruction, snoring, and sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is caused by the muscles and soft tissues in the throat relaxing too much during sleep, repetitively, blocking your airway. Generally, the anatomy and physical structure of your throat or, in some cases, certain medical conditions, cause this to happen. And because this sleep disorder is associated with chronic daytime sleepiness, it has been found to be the cause of a number of devastating industrial and transportation accidents. High blood pressure is very common in people with sleep apnea. Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty involves removal of extra tissues from the back of the throat. UPPP is the most common type of surgery for OSA, and it helps relieve snoring. However, this surgery hasn’t been proven to totally eliminate sleep apnea, and it can have complications. In general, a person with sleep apnea is not aware of their breathing problems at night. pur-dream sleep cool gel pillow in breathing increases the oxygen and decreases the carbon dioxide in blood. Some people with heart or lung disease have an increase in carbon dioxide in their blood at all times. Central sleep apnea is caused by a failure of the brain to activate the muscles of breathing during sleep. This may cause $3.4 billion/year in additional medical costs. Whether medical cost savings occur with treatment of sleep apnea remains to be determined.

An oral appliance, often referred to as a mandibular advancement splint, is a custom-made mouthpiece that shifts the lower jaw forward and opens the bite slightly, opening up the airway. Oral appliance therapy is usually successful in patients with mild to moderate obstructive sleep apnea. While CPAP is more effective for sleep apnea than oral appliances, oral appliances do improve sleepiness and quality of life and are often better tolerated than CPAP. If you or your partner has noticed signs of sleep apnea, visit your doctor. A sleep specialist can order a sleep apnea test, which uses equipment to monitor your breathing and oxygen levels while you sleep. Often, you’ll visit a laboratory to spend the night for monitoring. Other times, it’s possible to use a portable, take-home kit. Several studies have shown an association between sleep apnea and problems like type 2diabetes,strokes,heart attacksand even a shortened lifespan, says Jun. For one thing, obesity is common in sleep apnea patients, and obesity greatly increases risks of diabetes, stroke and heart attack, he says. It usually happens because something obstructs, or blocks, the upper airway. The costs of untreated sleep apnea reach further than just health issues. For that reason, they often only find out about the issue from a bed partner, family member, or roommate. Excessive daytime sleepiness is the most likely symptom to be noticed by people with sleep apnea that live alone. The person may sleep overnight at a sleep laboratory while special equipment records brain waves, eye and leg movements, oxygen levels, airflow, and heart rhythm. The most common causes of obstructive sleep apnea in kids are enlarged tonsils and adenoids. A simple adenotonsillectomy to remove the tonsils and adenoids usually corrects the problem. Your child’s doctor may also recommend using a CPAP or other breathing device.