Quick Birthstone Facts. The original gemstones in the Breastplate of Aaron were: Chrysoprasus, Carbuncle, Ruby, Topaz, Sapphire, Diamond, Cyanus, Agate, Amethyst, Tarshish, Onyx, and Jasper. According to legends, wearing a gemstone during the correlating month heightens its healing powers. The twelve gemstones representing the twelve tribes of Israel. The current list dates back to 1912 with only one addition since then - the tanzanite was added to December.
During the Middle Ages, diamonds were thought to hold healing powers and to cure ailments stemming from the pituitary gland and brain. By heating the crystal and taking it to bed, it was thought to draw out the harmful toxins that were crippling the body. It was believed that diamonds could also have an effect on an individual's balance and clarity and could boost their energy when combined with other crystals like amethyst.
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