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Collectible USSR Medal Communist Russia 1945-70 Soviet Union Red Army

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Collectible USSR Medal Communist Russia 1945-70 Soviet Union Red Army

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Collectible USSR Medal

Communist Russia

1945-70

Soviet Union Red Army

German Soldier holding up Communist Flag, while stepping on Federal Coat of Arms of Germany

The eagle is the heraldic animal of the coat of arms of the Federal Republic of Germany. Its history as an emblem is far longer, however. To the Germanic tribes the eagle was the bird of the god Odin, and by the Romans, too, it was revered as the symbol of the supreme god, of the emperor and of invincibility. From there and through its religious significance in Christendom it came to be incorporated into mediaeval symbolism.

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Inspiration/Story Behind This Product

The Soviet Union moved rapidly to consolidate its territorial position. Using the Red Army, the Soviets created "people's republics" in Poland, Romania, Hungary. and Bulgaria, which became Soviet satellites.

Yugoslavia organized its own communist government, with Albania as its own satellite. Soviet troops occupied about a third of Germany, roughly between the Elbe and the Oder rivers. where the Soviets organized the communist-ruled satellite of East Germany. The part of Germany that lay east of the line formed by the Oder and Neisse rivers, except for the sections of East Prussia directly annexed to the USSR, was handed over by the Soviets to their Polish satellite; here a wholesale transfer of population replaced the Germans with Poles.

Finland became a hostage to the Soviet security system but retained its prewar political institutions and a measure of neutrality. The four Allied powers detached Austria from Germany and divided it, like Germany, into four occupation zones. In 1948 the communists took over Czechoslovakia by a coup d'etat and ousted the government of Eduard Benes. Within each satellite the communists aped Soviet policies, moving quickly to collectivize agriculture, impose forced industrialization, control cultural life, and govern by terror.

In other cases, the Soviet Union was rebuffed. In 1946 the Soviets at first refused to withdraw their forces from northwest Iran and yielded only to pressure from the United Nations. A more alarming probe came in Greece, where a communist-dominated guerrilla movement during World War II had attempted to seize control and been thwarted by British troops.

In 1946 the Greek communists tried again, backed this time by Albania, Yugoslavia, and Bulgaria. Simultaneously, Stalin pressured the Turks for concessions in the Straits area. In response, President Truman proclaimed that countries facing the threat of communist aggression could count on help from the United States. Under this Truman Doctrine he sent American military aid to Greece and Turkey. The threat to the Turks receded, and by 1949, after severe fighting, the Greeks put down the communist uprising with the help of American advisers.

The Soviets began one of the most bitter phases of the cold war in 1948 in Germany. By shutting off all major highways from the West to Berlin, they attempted to force the Western Allies to turn Berlin over to them. The Allies stood firm, however, and in the next six months airlifted more than 2.3 million tons of supplies to West Berlin. Though the Soviets then gave up and reopened the land routes, they remained determined to oust the Western powers from Berlin.

More Info

Europe in Ruins
After the war, Europe was in ruins. Its cities were piles of rubble, there were millions of homeless refugees and the economies had collapsed.

The Origins of the Cold War
Introduction
The Second World War left Europe in ruins. The United States and the Soviet Union had different concepts of postwar Europe. Their differences resulted in the Cold War.

The World in Two Blocks
The Second World War left the U.S. and the Soviet Union as the two strongest powers. Three decades of distrust and ideological differences quickly turned them into foes. Germany and Berlin were to be administered by the four Allied powers. By 1948 cooperation failed and Germany was divided into a western zone under the direction of the U.S., Britain, and France and a Soviet-dominated zone in the east. In order to protest the economic reconstruction of western Germany, the USSR blockaded the western districts of Berlin in 1948. The Russian blockade was halted when an American airlift of goods relieved the Berlin population. In 1949 the division of Germany into two separate governments--the western Federal Republic of Germany and the eastern German Democratic Republic--became permanent. Germany's division was symptomatic of the separation on the entire world into two, ideologically opposite, camps. All of Eastern Europe fell into the orbit of the Soviet Union.

The U.S. initiated a policy of containing the Soviet Union and created alliances to surround its enemy. The United States formed NATO in Europe, SEATO in Southeast Asia, and CENTO in the Middle East. To balance the U.S. alliances, the Soviet Union formed the Warsaw Pact that brought together all of the Eastern European nations dominated by the USSR.

The Nuclear Club
At the end of the Second World War only the United States had nuclear technology at its disposal, In 1949, the Soviet Union developed its own nuclear bomb and by 1974 Britain, France, India and China had also joined the Nuclear club. The proliferation of nuclear weapons produced paranoia among the political leadership of each superpower as they raced to dedicate more national resources to the development of more powerful weapons. Despite arms limitations agreements to limit the testing and spread of nuclear weapons continued.

Decolonization
The end of World War II brought an end to the empires of western Europe. In India Mahatma Gandhi led a campaign of passive resistance against British rule that led to self-government in 1946. Pakistan and India separated into Muslim and Hindu states. The British colonies of Burma and Ceylon similarly achieved independence in 1948.

The Japanese empire dissolved in the aftermath of World War II. Independence movements in Asia tended to be communist. Communists came to power in China in 1949. Korea was divided at the end of the Second World War. Communist China supported North Korea in a war to annex South Korea, an ally of the United States. After three years of war, Korea was permanently divided in 1953. In Indochina communist insurgents waged war against the French until 1954, at which time Vietnam was divided into a communist state in the North under Ho Chi Minh and a South Vietnamese state protected by the United States. The Communists continued to press for independence until 1973, when the United States withdrew its forces from the south.

In Africa decolonization occurred in the 1950s and 1960s. By 1960 Britain and Belgium were prepared to grant independence to their colonies. Of the British colonies only Rhodesia and South Africa retained ruling white minorities. The French resisted relinquishing their colonies. In Algeria a war for independence dragged on from 1954-1962 and brought France to the brink of political collapse. In 1962, General Charles de Gaulle, agreed to grant Algeria independence. Despite independence, former colonies continued to be dominated by the industrialized powers of the West.

In the Middle East, both the Soviet Union and the United States used their economic aid to create friendly states. The U.S. gave its support of the new state of Israel while Egypt and Syria turned to the Soviet Union for aid. The oil-rich regions of Iran were also a bone of contention between the superpowers. To prevent the growth of Soviet influence, the U.S. assassinated a political leader in Iran and put a puppet government in place. In 1956 Egypt nationalized the Suez Canal. When the British and French attempt to regain control of the canal, joint pressure by the U.S. and the Soviet Union forced them to withdraw. The creation of Israel at the expense of Palestinian nationalist interests produced instability in the region.

The U. S. also acted to prevent the spread of communism in Latin America, often without success. Heavy-handed U.S. policies caused anti-Americanism in Latin American countries. In 1959 Fidel Castro led a successful communist revolution in Cuba. By 1962 the USSR and the U.S. were threatening war over the existence of missiles in Cuba. The crisis passed when Khrushchev ordered the dismantling of the missile bases.

Postwar Economic Recovery in Europe, Japan and the Soviet Union
Introduction
In contrast to the Soviet Union with its destroyed cities and economy ravaged by war, the United States emerged from World War II economically prosperous and looking for new markets.

The Economic Challenge
The war reduced the European population and destroyed the physical plants of its industries. The war created millions of displaced persons who needed to be repatriated. Housing even the reduced European population was impossible. Agricultural production was at fifty percent of prewar levels. Without internal sources of investment capital to rebuild, Europe was dependent on money from abroad.

The Economic Solution: The Marshall Plan
In the aftermath of World War II, the U.S. sought to establish new markets, particularly in light of the collapse of the productive capacity of Western European industries. In both Europe and Japan, the United States acted to restore economies as potential consumers of American goods. The Truman Doctrine stated the principle that American aid would be forthcoming to nations resistant to Communism. More concretely the U.S. initiated the Marshall Plan to reconstruct Europe. Most Western European nations eagerly accepted the U.S. offer of aid. The Soviet Union and the Eastern European states refused, despite being eligible under the initial terms of the plan. The Marshall Plan did achieve the economic resuscitation of Western Europe without producing massive inflation.

Western European Economic Integration
With the Marshall Plan came the tendency toward state control on national economies. On the economic models of John Maynard Keynes, states targeted full employment and were active in spending to initiate capital formation. The Office of European Economic Cooperation, the mechanism for administering the Marshall Plan, coordinated state planning and creation of international trade networks. The Marshall Plan began the process of economic integration in Europe. Integration of Europe was furthered by the Council of Europe which served as a forum for discussing questions of common concern. The first supranational economic union was Benelux--an economic alliance of Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg. By 1951 the Benelux nations along with France, Italy, and West Germany formed the European Coal and Steel Community that established a common market for coal and steel among member countries. The same countries created the European Economic Community, also known as the Common Market, in 1957 for the purpose of extending the integration of all markets. Great Britain joined the EEC in 1973. By the nature of its membership, the EEC sharpened economic and political differences between Eastern and Western Europe.

Japan's Recovery
Under military occupation, Japan also received U.S. economic aid. With the support of the U.S., the Japanese economy rapidly modernized its destroyed physical plant. Without a military budget (the military was abolished after the war), capital could be directed entirely to industrial development. By the 1960s, Japan was an industrial giant with an affluent consumer society.

Soviet Path to Economic Recovery
The Soviet Union countered the Marshal Plan with Comecon to promote economic reconstruction and to integrate the East European economies for the benefit of the Soviet Union. Under Stalin's leadership Soviet Industry recovered making the Soviet Union the second largest industrial power. The Soviet domination of Eastern Europe was altered by Stalin's death in 1953 and his replacement by Nikita Khrushchev. Khrushchev's denunciation of Stalin gave the impression that reform was imminent. Nationalist Communist leaders emerged in Poland and Hungary. The tempted liberalization in Hungary was suppressed by the Russian army. Soviet standard of living remained low as, all economic gain was plowed back into heavy industry. Despite Khrushchev's promises of reform, the Soviet economy could not sustain increases in consumable items and a massive expenditure for a growing atomic arsenal. The Eastern European nations aligned with the USSR adopted Russian strategies for development of heavy industries with similar results: industrialization advanced but standards of living did not. To prevent immigration from Eastern Europe to the West through Berlin, the USSR constructed a wall in 1961 that symbolized the separation of political ideologies. In 1968 the liberal Czechoslovakian government of Alexander Dubcek was overthrown. Only Tito in Yugoslavia retained his independence.

The Welfare State & Social Transformation
Introduction
In the aftermath of the Second World War, states formed welfare programs to provide for the support of their citizens, particularly children and the family. Countries attempted to resolve the issues of birth, sickness, old age, and unemployment.

Prosperity and Consumption in the West
The postwar recovery of Europe produced greater per capita wealth. The creation of welfare programs insured the safety of that wealth from disastrous economic consequences. As a result, people felt less restraint in spending. The new consumer economy did not redistribute wealth. The rich got richer and the poor stayed dependent on welfare. Women remained far behind in terms of pay for work.

Family Strategies
Unlike the U.S., there was only a temporary surge in the birth rate in Europe following the Second World War. More forms of birth control became readily available by the 1960s, and women chose to have smaller families. In contrast, men and women desperately sought to reestablish family life after the war. In Britain women were once again urged to take up their accustomed place in the domestic household. Women were discouraged from joining the workforce, sometimes by justifying lower pay as an economic disincentive. The welfare system generally reinforced the financial dependence of women on men. In France women were accepted in the workforce and achieved literal equality with men in the welfare state. During the 1960s protests against government policies--civil rights and freedom of expression--became more common. Women's equality was one of the issues most hotly debated. Simone de Beauvoir's The Second Sex (1949) urged women to define sexuality and gender relationships in their own terms. The movement for women's rights continued to grow into the 1970s.

Youth Culture and Dissent
The social tension created by the threat of nuclear war and growing economic affluence created a generation of dissenters. Young men and women rejected the cultural traditions of their parents and experimented with sexual freedom, drugs, and political radicalism. Birth control removed one of the major constraints to freer sexuality. Sex for pleasure outside the family unit became an acceptable form of social expression within the youth movement. Women were often exploited as sexual objects in films and magazines. The use of drugs expanded beyond medical purposes to production of experiences ranging from hedonistic gratification to mind-altering hallucination. Drugs allowed affluent young people to escape the limits of their society and flout the values of their elders.

By 1969 political protests were common in the U.S. and in western Europe. Protests in the 1960s coalesced around opposition to the war in Vietnam. Student protests, sometimes involving occupation of university buildings, were occasionally met with police repression. Most of the young protesters were members of the middle class. In Europe the mood of protest was exacerbated by a slowing economy that no longer offered guarantees of economic security. In 1969 a French protest spread beyond the University of Paris to the surrounding city, then the entire country. For a brief moment the working class and the bourgeois students were united in rejecting the political programs of the government. The moment quickly passed, because the two groups had so little in common.

Product Attributes

Primary Material: Metal

Size: 2.5 "

Pattern: Communist, Soviet Union, USSR, Soldier, Communist Flag

Color: Gold

Accepted Payments
  • Money Order

Shipping

All Other Countries
First Item: $9.98
Additional Items: $4.98

United States
First Item: $4.97
Additional Items: $2.97

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Shopping is a Fun & Exciting Experience! The Wonderful feeling of Acquiring new Collectible, Desirable & Beautiful Pieces are very well known to Us. We are avid collectors! We love to surround ourselves with Beauty....but We have collected more than we have space for..........so you will have the Opportunity to make them Yours!
We derive a great deal of pleasure from a Pleasant Purchase......which is why we do our Best to make You feel this way also. We provide Complimentary Gift Wrapping, a Free Gift, and a Personally Hand Written note; because when You shop with me...........We want You to feel like you have Received a Gift, when you receive your well packed package. :)

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We have a LAYAWAY Plan as well Please Contact Us to Set this up...........We know that we sometimes do not have the Full Funds when we Find A Treasure we Must Have! This way...........no one can buy your item but you! You will secure your item.

If you have any questions, do not hesitate to contact us.

All Packages in the US will have Delivery Confirmation.

INTERNATIONAL Buyers: Delivery Confirmation is not available with First Class Packages. We will not be responsible for your package post shipping.
International packages can only be tracked if you pay for Priority Mail. Please contact me for a quote if you are interested.Thank you

We do Not accept Returns. It is not that we do not stand behind our Superlative items........however we have been victim to Switch & Bait, Buyer's Remorse and a slew of other reasons. ALL SALES ARE FINAL.
NO RETURNS. VINTAGE, these items each have a history and each one has been a part of someone else's story before it arrives to you.

We are a Superlative Boutique.........we choose our items carefully and Carry The Best of each category we sell. We acquire our Beautiful Items at High End Estate Sales, Auctions, and some are Family Heirlooms.

We are very Excited to be a New Vendor here on Art Fire! We are not new to selling though...........We are Experts in this Area and have been Successfully providing Our Expertise for Decades!
We Love what we do and will Always Provide You with the Best Service , along with very Unique & Rare Collectibles that will Enhance your Ambiance and Life!

Thank you so very much for taking the time to read this......and for having a Pleasurable Shopping Experience with Us!

God Bless..........Enjoy our Superlative Listings..........

Reviews

Guest User

The order came very fast with a collectible note from the store owner, and the back of the brooch had some additional nice detailing.

Guest User

The Head Door Earrings are Very beautiful, I like them so much I cant wait to wear them.

Guest User

The pendent is gorgeous petit and beautiful the like the colors

Guest User

Being a Television personality, I require very Unique and Elegant Pieces to Accessorize my outfits with...........I never have to worry that someone else will have the same pieces that I buy at GOLDEN DAYS GONE BY, for they seem to Find the Cream of the Crop in Mint Vintage Jewelry!!!
I also never worry when I have an Event coming up. I simply arrange a phone Consultation with Stephie.....the BEST Personal Shopper in the World! He ALWAYS finds Exactly what I need and want. This Boutique is Unlike Any Other Online Store!!!
10 Stars!!!!

Warmly,

Mary Hart

Guest User

Although I have access to so much in the fashion world, as a model.....I am very loyal to GOLDEN DAYS GONE BY! They find the most stunning Treasures from all over the world! I do not have time to shop while working on an assignment anywhere in the world......we do our shoot on location and we leave. GOLDEN DAYS GONE BY does all the work for me......I don't have to search..........all I do is ask Stephie for Anything.....and I mean ANYTHING I desire or require! He was the Top Personal Shopper at the Famous and very Exclusive, Bergdorf Goodman. I totally trust his impeccable taste. He has never disappointed me.......I am like a little girl on Christmas Day when I receive my packages! LOL......it's true. They even Gift Wrap each item and include a Free Gift and Hand Written Note on Limited Edition Cards designed by Stephie himself. What more could a girl want?
I will remain loyal to GOLDEN DAYS GONE BY........because I am accustomed to The Best.....and that is precisely what one will discover at GOLDEN DAYS GONE BY.............
Thank you to Stephie and Staff for maintaining a level of Excellence in Service and Superlative Items to choose from.
love,

Tyra Banks

Guest User

Do you know that most of the Accessories you see me photographed in when not working.........are from Golden Days Gone By? Indeed...........People go Gaga and ask me where they can buy the same item........and I can't help but smirk while telling them it is a One of a Kind from GOLDEN DAYS GONE BY. At first people seem really upset, but after they look in the Boutique here..........they find their own treasures! So everyone is happy!
There is a Wonderful Secret...........Golden Days Gone By has an Enormous Inventory of yet unlisted items!!!!! When I say you can find almost anything........I'm not lying! They have a huge variety of Unique, Rare, Collectibles from Around the World. It is not limited either............I have found the most obscure items in their Treasure Chest inventory.
*****Secret: If you do not see what you are searching for in the boutique..........simply set up a Free Phone Consultation....and tell them what you are looking for! They will most probably be able to accommodate you...........I have gone crazy running from store to store, without luck........Until I was turned on to Golden Days Gone By...........by my best friend, Kimora. It was one of the Best Secrets she shared with me.....which is why she if my BFF. :)

Shop !!!!
The items look even better in person.

I also do all my Gift shopping here............My friends go nuts when they receive a GDGB Item...........Excellent Gift Ideas!

Don't forget to utilize their Complimentary Personal Shopping Service! Where else do you get all this???

Love,

Tyra
xo

Guest User

I am in love with GOLDEN DAYS GONE BY!!!!!
So many times I have been pressed for a Gift for special people in my life. I wanted to give them something Magnificent and Unique! Well, here in Clearwater, one does not find fabulous things, soooooooo.........I come here to consult with the wonderful Stephie! He ALWAYS comes through for me! I , nor my recipients are ever disappointed. Just the opposite...We are thrilled and delighted. It is unbelievable that one store can possess such an array of Rare and Spectacular items. The items have been hand picked from around the world. GOLDEN DAYS GONE BY is the BEST on the net! Everything is Luxurious, Interesting, Beautiful and Impossible to find anywhere else. You can see some of my purchases on " Dancing with the Stars ".......I asked Stephie to match up accessories for all my costumes......incredible! I was so impressed because they all looked like they were created just for my costumes...Stephie has a Superlative Eye! Not surprising considering who he is and the family he comes from.
I feel very lucky to have thee opportunity to work such a special individual, who has access to things most people won't ever even see.
Also, the people who Appreciate the very special items for sale, are individuals who KNOW about high end , high quality and very Rare items. What do they say? An educated consumer is the best customer! The prices are truly low for what you are receiving.
I have shared my former secret place with my other celebrity friends, so now I check the store DAILY in order to buy the new listings I love before they do! lol....I have a big mouth.....lol.
I will always be faithful to GOLDEN DAYS GONE BY because besides having the best items, but they GO THE EXTRA MILE to make you happy. I adore the Staff.

So make a few purchases and see what I am talking about!

Kisses,

Kirstie Alley

ps Please vote for me on Dancing with the Stars!!!!!!!!!!
Thank you!

Guest User

I have never shopped with such a High Class online boutique!
The communications throughout order was lovely, but it went further. Seller followed up to see if I had received my package! The box was heavily protected with the best packing supplies......packed with love!
There were free gifts inside, as well as a gorgeous hand written card. The most impressive, was the way the seller wrapped the item as a Gift......beautifully! I felt as if I received a beautiful gift for myself........Christmas early....lol.
Everything was just perfect and 5 Star Service.
I will definitely be a regular customer.......this boutique is full of unique and rare items from around the world!
Highly recommended!!!

Guest User

I am a return customer........my 8th order! I have been thrilled and delighted by all my purchases. The items are exquisite and very rare. I have never seen my purchases anywhere else.
This seller is Perfect! 5 Stars are not enough.......10 Stars!!!!
I can go on and on, but have to get back to work.
I Highly Recommend this Shop as the BEST ON ARTFIRE!
Every stage of the sale is always handled with class. I can't wait you see my latest treasures!
Since it is the Holiday Season, I have done ALL my Gift List shopping on here.........Thank you Golden Days Gone By.
You are magnificent in every way.........xo

Guest User

My pendant was even more gorgeous in person. I got it at a steal; my jeweler said it was worth a considerable amount more!

Guest User

Once again, a Perfect transaction.
This store competes on the same level as High End Stores on Fifth Avenue!
Excellent Customer Service during AND after the sale.
Superlative items from all over the world.
Perks.......Perks..........Perks!!!! ie Personal Shoppers
Complimentary Gift Wrap
and much much more!
See you again soon......I check to see your new items that are posted every day......it never gets stale here ay Golden Days Gone By!

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