Vintage Native American drawing Chief Priscilla Freeman Frog
Priscilla Freeman Jacobs is a former Native American chief of the Waccamaw-Siouan tribe from 1986-early 2005. Throughout her life she advocated for her tribe, helping to improve educational opportunity and economic development as well as promoting a resurgence of appropriation for Indian culture and heritage. Priscilla was born in 1940 to Clifton Freeman and Vara Patrick, the first of 3 other siblings. They grew up in the Ricefield area of the Waccamaw-Siouan community about 37 miles from Wilmington, North Carolina where her family made a living through logging and forestry. At the early age of 9 years old, she traveled to Washington, DC with a delegation of the Waccamaw-Siouan community to ask federal recognition from the US Congress to stand as an Indian Tribe. However, the bill did not pass. After her father, Clifton Freeman became chief in 1941, she accompanied him to many country wide meetings, learning about the challenges her people faced and watching as he worked to secure jobs, and improve infrastructure for the Waccamaw-Siouan. She was educated in the American Indian schools, a local school, then studied secretarial work at the Miller Mott Business College of Wilmington. In 1961 she returned to her fathers' logging business and married Welton Jacobs, who was also Waccamaw-Siouan. The had two children: Ray Freeman and Welton Jacobs.
In 1970 she led a group who organized the first modern Waccamaw-Siouan powwow. This was a big step in regaining the identity of the Waccamaw-Siouan after the Indian schools had been closed. In her words "[The purpose was]...to revive our Indian culture This was a way of doing it - of letting people see...It was our intention to bring [Indian] people together for fellowship, to see what each other was doing, to share our arts and crafts with one another, [to share] the progress. She continued to organize the powwow each October until 1970.
In 1974 Jacobs acquired five acres of land from the International Paper Company to use as the Waccamaw center of tribal life. Today that area has grown to thirty acres and includes a daycare, office, and ball field. This ownership of the Waccamaw culture was a part of the larger national cultural renaissance in the 1960's and 1970's which was characterized by the growing participation in powwows and the emergence of a national generalized Indian Identity.
Jacobs succeed her father as chief of the Waccamaw-Siouan when she was 45 years old, after his death in November of 1985. Although her brothers were next in line for the chieftainship, they declined, choosing instead to focus on running the family's logging business. Her inauguration as chief was held at Frontier Fort near Wilmington in 1986 making her the first female chief of the Waccamaw Sioux and one of very few in the country. Her tribal board was made up mostly of family.
Jacobs adamant activism is partially responsible for the formation of the N.C. Commission of Indian Affairs and she acted as the first secretary of the commissions board of directors and later on she became community developer. Between 1971 and 1973 , she represented the Waccamaw Sioux at the Coalition for Eastern Native Americans alongside her father. She was a participant in the N. C. Indian Unity Conference and was part of the collaborative force that formed the Waccamaw-Siouan Development Association (WSDA) whose goal is to develop programs for and improve education, economic development and culture.
Not only was Jacobs a social and political figurehead for her tribe but she was also a spiritual leader. She grew up in the Christian church and with the influence from their grandfather, Riley T. Freeman, who was a bible school teacher, she carried that throughout her whole life. She was a minister as well as bookkeeper and secretary before she became chief and her faith is deeply interwoven with her pride in her Indian heritage.
I found this piece, fell in love with the artistry, not knowing the history. I chose to have it matted with acid free backing, non-glare glass and matting/frame to preserve it for others to enjoy. I am putting my faith in the universe that this will be treasured by someone. Please let me know if you have questions.
Vintage Origin Details
Chief Priscilla Freeman Jacobs
large 24 1/2" talll x 20 1/2"wide
Country of Origin
ink on paper drawing
First Item: $30.00
Additional Items: $0.00
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on Jul 6, 2018
A gorgeous piece, as described. Carefully wrapped, packed, and shipped. Very happy with this purchase and seller. Thank you!!
Great communication. Arrivied safe and secure.
I truly appreciate the special care this seller took in making sure I got this item in good shape and in time. Thank you so much-- my friend will love it!